On March 29, Britain wants to leave the EU. However, after the British House of Commons has rejected the Brexit deal by a large majority, it is unclear how exactly exit from the international community should proceed.
The events in the news blog.
Monday, February 11th
EU chief negotiator Barnier calls for flexibility from Britain
In the opinion of the EU’s Brexit chief negotiator, Michel Barnier, Britain has to move in the dispute over the conditions for leaving the European Union. “Something has to move on the British side,” Barnier said on Monday in Luxembourg, the day before a new statement by Prime Minister Theresa May in the British House of Commons.
Barnier responded to the Nein Mays on British opposition leader Jeremy Corbyn’s proposal for a permanent customs union with the EU. In a three-page letter to the Labor chief May showed at the same time but in the dispute over their Brexit course for further talks with the opposition ready. Barnier called the proposal of the Labor politician “interesting in tone and in the matter”.
A customs union could maintain an open border between the United Kingdom’s Northern Ireland and the EU Member Ireland after Brexit. On the other hand, a “hard” border on the island fears a resurgence of the bloody Northern Ireland conflict. Asked whether the EU Commission is preparing a “hard line” between Northern Ireland and the EU member state for the case of Brexit without an exit agreement, Barnier said after an interview with Luxembourg’s head of state Xavier Bettel: “We prepare the emergency measures with each capital. And we work with all capitals on all hypotheses. That’s all I can say. “
May rejects Corbyn’s proposal for a customs union
In the struggle for Brexit, British Prime Minister Theresa May has rejected opposition leader Jeremy Corbyn’s proposal to maintain a permanent customs union with the EU. In a letter to the Labor leader, from which British media quoted on Monday, she was also ready for further talks with the opposition. She agreed with Corbyn that there should be no new elections or a second referendum.
A customs union could maintain an open border between the United Kingdom’s Northern Ireland and the EU Member Ireland after Brexit. A “hard” border on the island, however, fears a resurgence of the bloody Northern Ireland conflict.
Sunday, February 10th
May wants more time again
According to British media reports, British Prime Minister Theresa May wants London to ask for more time for further negotiations with the EU on Brexit. May will make a statement in Parliament on the state of negotiations by Wednesday at the latest. On Thursday should be voted on the way forward.
A government spokeswoman confirmed that by now, however, the 27th of February is scheduled to be the date for a vote on how to proceed.
Brexit in chaos endangers 100,000 jobs in Germany
In Germany, according to one study, the jobs of more than 100,000 people are threatened by a Brexit without agreements. The study of the Leibniz Institute for Economic Research Halle (IWH) and the Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg reported on the “Welt am Sonntag”. “In no other state is the effect on total employment so great as in Germany,” said one of the study authors, Oliver Holtemller, the newspaper.
After an unregulated Brexit tariffs would be raised again on imports to Great Britain. The simulation of the scientists recorded only job effects, which were due to the consequent export collapse. Further Brexit dangers for the job market, such as declining willingness to invest, did not reflect the figures.
In Germany, the decline in exports particularly affected the auto industry. Many jobs at the VW Wolfsburg site and at the Dingolfing-Landau BMW plant in Lower Bavaria are threatened. Many employees would also have to fear for their jobs in the Swabian district of Bblingen, where technology companies such as IBM or Siemens and companies in the auto industry are located. Similarly, the situation in the Mrkischer Kreis in southern Westphalia, where many medium-sized companies with foreign business sit.
Saturday, February 9th
British companies move to Netherlands
The Netherlands has already been able to woo more than 40 companies from the UK due to the impending Brexit. The investment for resettlement in the Netherlands amounted to about 290 million euros, and the companies bring nearly 2,000 jobs from the United Kingdom, said the Dutch Agency for Foreign Investment on Saturday. The government in The Hague expressly welcomed the decision of the companies. Given the “growing uncertainty about Brexit”, companies could rely on the “good economic climate” in the Netherlands, said Dutch Economics Minister Eric Wiebes.
According to the information, 42 companies from the United Kingdom have moved to the Netherlands since last year or are about to relocate. Most of the companies are British, but there are also branches of companies such as the United States or Asia among them. Among other things, the Japanese investment bank Norinchukin, the media company TVT Media, the financial service providers MarketAxess and Azimo as well as the marine insurer UK P & I are being outrageous.
The UK will leave the European Union as of 29 March. It remains unclear whether the breakup will be chaotic or whether there will still be a parliamentary majority in Britain for a contract with a regulated exit.
Friday, February 8th
May meets Varadkar
Following their renewed talks in Brussels, British Prime Minister Theresa May continues her Brexit diplomacy in Ireland. May wanted to fly to Dublin in the evening to meet with head of government Leo Varadkar for a dinner. The biggest hurdle for a regulated exit from Britain from the EU continues to be the question of how border controls at the Irish-Northern Irish border can be avoided.
Great progress has been made in the dispute over the so-called backstop – an emergency solution to avoid border controls – was not expected. The backstop stipulates that, if necessary, Britain remains in the customs union with the EU and Northern Ireland even in the EU internal market.
Thursday, February 7th
British central bank lowers growth forecast
The Brexit loss to the UK economy has increased, according to the Bank of England. The central bank has lowered its growth forecasts and warned against a significant decline in investment. Uncertainty has increased, the Bank of England said Thursday after its interest rate meeting. Britain is expected to leave the EU at the end of March. It is still unclear whether the exit takes place in an orderly form.
In the current year, the central bank now expects only economic growth of 1.2 percent. Three months ago she had assumed 1.7 percent. 1.5 percent growth is expected for the coming year. However, Brexit uncertainty is also hanging above this outlook, according to the BoE. The forecasts would have to be updated if there was more clarity about the nature of the EU exit. Without uncertainty, growth would have been at 1.6 percent this year and 2.2 percent next year, according to monetary authorities.
Chancellor Angela Merkel believes in a solution
Chancellor Angela Merkel assumes that an agreement with Great Britain for an orderly withdrawal from the EU is still possible without reopening the Brexit agreement. Merkel said on Thursday in Bratislava after a bilateral meeting with the Slovak Prime Minister Peter Pellegrini that they wanted to do everything possible to achieve an orderly Brexit. However, the EU must respect the integrity of its internal market and protect its member Ireland.
May met with Juncker in Brussels
In the Brexit dispute, British Prime Minister Theresa May met with European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker. According to British sources, she wants to change the exit agreement with the European Union, which has not found a majority in the British House of Commons.
The EU has already rejected the call for correction of the treaty. The expectations of May’s Brussels talks with Juncker and later with EU Council President Donald Tusk and representatives of the EU Parliament were therefore low.
Wednesday, February 6th
British Cabinet secretly discusses Brexit delay
Shortly before the next trip by Prime Minister Theresa Mays to Brussels, there are discussions in the British Cabinet about the date for the planned EU exit from the United Kingdom. This was reported by the usually well-informed conservative “Telegraph” late Tuesday evening in its online edition, without giving more specific sources.
So, if May’s negotiated contract gets parliamentary approval, some ministers will call for a two-month grace period after the official exit date of March 29, to get the necessary legislation underway. Until May 24, Britain should continue to remain an EU member as before.
Prime Minister May, however, had repeatedly stressed that Britain would leave the EU as planned on March 29. Discussions about a delay in the withdrawal date are counterproductive.
Tuesday, February 5th
May comes to Brussels on Thursday
In the Brexit dispute, British Prime Minister Theresa May comes to Brussels on Thursday in order to find a solution for a regulated EU exit from her country. This announced a spokesman for the European Commission on Tuesday. It is planned to have a discussion with Commissioner Jean-Claude Juncker.
May had announced that it would seek to amend the Brexit Agreement in Brussels. Particularly controversial in London is the so-called backstop, a guarantee for an open border between the EU state of Ireland and the British Northern Ireland. Britain wants to leave the EU on 29th March.
Wednesday, January 30th
Tusk wants to call May
Following the request of the British Parliament to amend the Brexit Treaty, EU Council President Donald Tusk wants to speak with Prime Minister Theresa May on Wednesday. The phone call is scheduled for the afternoon or evening, said a spokesman Tusks.
On Tuesday evening, the British House of Commons asked May to renegotiate the EU exit agreement and cancel the controversial guarantee for an open border between the EU state of Ireland and Northern Ireland. The EU rejects this.
McAllister calls for alternatives from the British
MEP David McAllister (CDU) believes that the Brexit deal is not negotiable. “The backstop is a very important part of the exit agreement,” said the chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee in the European Parliament on Wednesday in the ZDF “morning magazine”. “That can not be disputed.”
The backstop is designed to prevent bumpers and controls after Brexit at the border between Northern Ireland and EU member Ireland. It provides for Britain to remain in the customs union with the EU until another solution is found. “If that does not taste the British, they should really constructively say how the alternatives look like,” warned the CSU MEP Markus Ferber on Wednesday in Deutschlandfunk.
Tuesday, January 29th
British Commons is against no-deal Brexit
The British House of Representatives has basically opposed the withdrawal of Great Britain from the European Union without a Brexit agreement. The MEPs approved on Tuesday evening a request by the conservative MP Caroline Spelman, who rejects a so-called no-deal Brexit.
However, the decision has no legal consequences. A disorderly Brexit alone can not be averted. The departure date of 29 March 2019 is stipulated in the EU exit law. If there is neither an agreement nor a postponement of the Brexit deadline, Britain would nonetheless leave the EU without a deal.
Observers hope it will be clearer after the meeting how to proceed with the Brexit agreement following the government’s vote defeat on January 15th. MEPs received a total of seven applications. Only at the end will vote on the overall package. Should it be rejected, all changes are obsolete. (AP)
House of Commons rejects Scotland’s remaining in the EU
The proposal of the Scottish National Party SNP for a stay of Scotland in the EU despite Brexit was rejected on Tuesday evening by the British House of Commons. The motion by Group leader Ian Blackford also called for a postponement of the EU exit.
The deputies were present in the evening a total of seven applications. Observers hope it will be clearer after the meeting how to proceed with the Brexit agreement following the government’s vote defeat on January 15th. Only at the end will vote on the overall package. Should it be rejected, all changes are obsolete. (AP)
Theresa May: “What we want”
British Prime Minister Theresa May has asked Parliament in London to renegotiate the Brexit agreement. London must finally tell the remaining 27 EU states what the British want in terms of Brexit. “The world knows what this house does not want. Today, we must send a strong message on what we want, “the PM said Tuesday afternoon at the start of the important Brexit debate in the House of Commons.
There is no majority in parliament for a new election or a second referendum on the EU’s exit from the country, which should take effect in two months. On the clear defeat in the British Parliament for the withdrawal agreement that she had negotiated with the EU, the Prime Minister said that she understood this message.
May pleads for changes to the agreement
British Prime Minister Theresa May wants to revive the exit agreement with the EU. “We need to get a deal that can get Parliamentary support, and that requires some changes to the exit agreement,” May spokesman said Tuesday in London. He commented on the future Brexit course ahead of a series of votes in the British Parliament.
The debate in the British Parliament begins around one hour late at 3 pm (CET). The votes are still scheduled to take place at 8 pm (CET), according to a spokeswoman.
Brexit is the “stupidest idea in 100 years”
The head of the Irish low-cost airline Ryanair considers Brexit the “dumbest idea in 100 years”. “But I am sure that there will be no hard Brexit,” said Michael O’Leary on Tuesday in Vienna. For the airline, it makes no difference, however, which result will be achieved in the Brexit negotiations: Ryanair is less affected by the Brexit episodes than other airlines, as the company is registered in the EU. “The Brexit hits the UK registered airlines much harder.”
For the best solution, O’Leary sees a transitional relationship between the UK and the EU that “London is changing its mind and staying in the EU,” O’Leary said. If there is a second referendum, O’Leary believes in a different outcome than in the 2016 vote, as in his view, more younger people would participate. “But it would also lead to more political problems in the UK.”
Monday, January 28th
Brexit hardliners want to renegotiate on Ireland issue
More and more Brexit hardliners in the British Parliament are behind demands for renegotiations of the difficult issue in Ireland in the EU exit agreement.
Former Foreign Minister Boris Johnson, in his weekly Telegraph column on Monday, welcomed a push by several Conservative MPs calling for a time limit or a one-sided termination right for the so-called backstop. Even the influential backbencher Jacob Rees-Mogg has been hoping for some time, he could warm up for the deal, should the controversial backstop fall away.
The purpose of the backstop is to guarantee that the border between Northern Ireland and EU member Ireland can remain open despite Brexit. It is envisaged that Britain will remain in the European Customs Union as a whole until a better solution to the question is found. Northern Ireland should also remain in parts of the internal market.
This is to prevent a resurgence of violence in the former civil war region. But critics in parliament fear that Britain will be able to remain permanently tied to the EU through the regulation.
May wants to cancel vacationers deputies
Detention for Brexit: The UK government of Prime Minister Theresa May is calling for an extension of the session times and the deletion of days off for MEPs to bring eight important laws on Britain’s exit from the EU in due time.
Already on Tuesday, the House of Commons is to vote on numerous new requests from parliamentarians for further action following the rejection of the Brexit Agreement.
Saturday, January 26th
Demonstration against EU exit in Northern Ireland
Hundreds of protesters warned against the Brexit dangers for the ex-civil war region on Saturday, on the border between Northern Ireland and the EU member Republic of Ireland. Many of them were disguised as soldiers and customs officers.
The protesters fear that Britain’s exit from the EU could once again lead to a strong border and fuel old conflicts in the region.
Thursday, January 24th
Airbus threatens the UK
Aerospace and defense group Airbus has threatened Britain to shut down factories in the event of an unregulated exit from the European Union. “If there is a Brexit without agreements, we may have to make very damaging decisions for the UK at Airbus,” said Airbus chief Tom Enders on Thursday in a video message. It is not possible to move the big British factories immediately to other parts of the world. But space is a long-term business, Enders continues.
“Please do not listen to the madness of the Brexites, who claim that because we have huge factories here, we will not move and will always be here.” There are countries in the world that would like to build wings for Airbus, stressed Enders. “The British aerospace industry is now on the brink. Brexit threatens to destroy a century of development based on education, research and human capital. “
Wednesday, January 23rd
Britons must comply with payment obligations in any case
In the opinion of the EU’s chief negotiator, Britain also has to pay billions in Brexit bills in the event of an EU exit without an agreement. This is what Michel Barnier urged in an interview with several European daily newspapers. “With regard to the EU budget, we have always said one thing: all liabilities that the UK has received during its time as an EU member are respected,” warned Barnier.
The British government is assuming commitments of 44 billion euros. While it would be harder in the case of a “no-deal” Brexit to get the British to honor their commitments. However, these are “binding under international law,” affirmed the EU negotiator. “I can not imagine that the UK will not keep its commitments.” The government of Prime Minister Theresa May does not question the payments listed in the exit agreement with the EU.
Easyjet wants to get rid of British shareholders
The British low-cost carrier Easyjet is pushing ahead with its preparations for the upcoming Brexit. The aim is to secure pan-European operations in the event of an unregulated departure from the EU. Like the Irish rival Ryanair, the company is trying to get rid of some of its shareholders from the UK and other countries outside the European Economic Area.
Easyjet boss Johan Lundgren wants to make sure that the airline owns majority of owners from the EU economic area by 29 March at the latest. This is a prerequisite for an airline to fly on routes within the EU.
Tuesday, January 22nd
Devastating echo on May’s Plan B
Following the recent statement by Theresa May on Brexit, the EU Commission plans to officially comment on the British Prime Minister’s proposals on Tuesday. In a first reaction, however, the EU had already reacted reluctantly to May’s attempt to renegotiate. Since last week, nothing has changed, said a spokesman for EU Council President Donald Tusk. “We are always ready to meet and talk.” But the remaining 27 EU states had already said in December that the exit agreement negotiated with May could not be renegotiated.
The SPD European politician Udo Bullmann described the situation in London as “nailed”.
Monday, January 21st
Merkel calls for majority proposals from London
Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) has called for the British government to quickly and in London consensus proposals in the Brexit dispute. “The federal government expects the British government to soon agree on proposals backed by a majority of the lower house,” a German spokesman said on Monday evening following Prime Minister Theresa May’s push for renegotiations on the Ireland issue. “The Federal Government continues to campaign for an orderly withdrawal of Great Britain from the EU.”
May had previously made it clear to the British Parliament that she wanted to reopen the difficult issue in Ireland from the Brexit talks. The so-called backstop regulation, as stipulated in the EU exit agreement, continues to raise concern in Parliament, May said. It intends to hold talks with parliamentarians on how to achieve “maximum support” in parliament this week. Then she wanted to go back to the EU. (AP)
Great Britain is launching app for EU citizens
The British government launched a smartphone app on Monday for the approximately 3.5 million EU citizens who want to stay in the country after Brexit. The software is designed to help make a new application to continue working in the UK and receive government benefits. The current launch is the start of a trial until the app is fully operational on March 30, one day after the UK plans to leave the EU. Depending on how the Brexit is designed, the app should remain in operation until 2020 or 2021.
May wants to negotiate with EU again about Northern Ireland catch-up solution
British Prime Minister Theresa May wants to re-negotiate with the EU on the catch-up solution for the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland agreed in the Brexit Treaty. She wants to consult with the deputies on the border question this week, said the head of government on Monday at the presentation of their “Plan B” in the lower house. She will then present the conclusions of the discussions in Brussels. The Brexit agreement negotiated with the EU was rejected by a significant majority in the House of Commons last week. May now wants to bring MEPs with her “Plan B” on their side to prevent an EU exit of the United Kingdom without agreement. In her speech in the lower house May turned against demands for a second Brexit referendum of British voters. The future border regulation between the EU member Ireland and the British province of Northern Ireland is one of the sticking points in the negotiations. In the case of the Brexit hardliners, the catching solution encounters resistance. The so-called backstop provides for the United Kingdom to remain in a customs union with the EU unless otherwise agreed. May’s opponents fear that Britain would remain bound to the EU for an indefinite period of time.
Theresa May introduces Plan B.
British Prime Minister Theresa Mail wants to present on Wednesday her alternative plan for the failed agreement on the EU exit. It is unclear whether the conservative head of government will actually present a concrete concept as to how she wants to bring her Brexit deal through parliament. It is more likely in London that May presents a kind of roadmap to the Members.
Wednesday, January 16th
The government of Prime Minister Theresa May has passed the vote of no confidence in the British House of Commons. 325 MEPs expressed confidence in voting in London on Wednesday evening, 306 parliamentarians voted against them.
The House of Commons had voted by a large majority against the Brexit Treaty negotiated between the British government and the EU on Tuesday evening, and opposition leader Jeremy Corbyn then requested the vote of no confidence.
Duty to lead the UK out of the EU
The 62-year-old considers her duty to lead Britain out of the EU. This is what May said during a nightly speech on Wednesday evening in front of the seat of government in London.
She has already had talks with opposition politicians on the country’s further Brexit course, May said. Opposition leader Jeremy Corbyn had denied discussions with May, however, as long as May did not rule out a disorderly Brexit.
Concessions, displacement or disorderly Brexit?
May invited the leaders of the opposition parties to a one-to-one talk on a new Brexit plan on Wednesday evening. The head of government has to submit a new plan to leave the EU by Monday. Several scenarios are possible: it could try to reach further concessions from Brussels and then re-vote the agreement.
Also conceivable is the demand for a postponement of the withdrawal date – or a disorderly Brexit on March 29. The vote of no confidence, the first against a British government in 26 years, survived the 62-year-olds with a majority of 19 votes.
In the vote on the Brexit agreement on Tuesday evening May, however, had suffered a historic defeat, such a bankruptcy had not existed for a British government since the 1920s. The northern Irish party DUP, which supports Mays minority government, had then but already announced that, unlike Tuesday on Wednesday to vote for May. Party critics had also announced this. (Afp / dpa)